DR Government

The Dominican Republic Currently enjoys a new constitution, which was ratified in 1994 ~ and a stable democratic process that has been in place for that last thirty years.
The democratically represented government is divided principally into three branches. Executive, which is represented by the President and his cabinet. Legislative, which is represented by a two house system of senators and deputies. Judicial, represented by a national judicial council ~ designed to separate politics from judicial appointment process.
The President of the country is democratically elected and holds one term for four years. The new constitution ratified in 1994 prohibits re-election for consecutive periods. The President of the country appoints a cabinet of ministers to handle certain affairs or direct certain government policies. The President is also the official head of state and is commander in chief of the armed forces. The President is elected via an election which is distinct and separate from elections for representatives of the legislature.

 
Political Parties
The 3 major political parties of D.R. are:
1.  Partido de la Liberación Dominicana- Dominican Liberation Party
2. Partido Revolucionario Dominicana - Dominican Revolutionary Party
3. Partido Reformista Social Cristiano- Social Christian Reformist Party

Other minor political parties of D.R. are:
1. Bloque Institucional Social demócrata - Institutional Social Democratic Bloc
2. Alianza por la Democracia- Alliance for Democracy 
3. Unión Demócrata Cristiana- Christian Democratic Unio
4. Partido Liberal de República Dominicana- Liberal Party of the Dominican Republic
5 Partido de los Trabajadores Dominicanos- Dominican Workers' Party
6. Partido de Unidad Nacional-National Unity Party 
7. Partido Quisqueyano Demócrata Cristiano- Quisqueyano Christian Democratic Party
8.  Partido Verde de la Unidad Democrática-  Green Party of Democratic Unity
9. Partido Nacional de Veteranos y Civiles- National Civic Veterans Party 
10. Alianza Social Dominicana- Dominican Social Alliance
11. Partido Demócrata Popular - Popular Democratic Party 
12. Partido Popular Cristiano- Christian People's Party 
13. Partido Revolucionario Social Demócrata- Revolutionary Social Democratic Party 
14. Movimiento Independencia, Unidad y Cambio- Movement for Independence, Unity and Change
15. Partido Revolucionario Independiente- Independent Revolutionary Party
16. Partido Renacentista Nacional- National Renaissance Party
17. Partido Humanista Dominican -Dominican Humanist Party 
 
Legal System

Based on French civil codes; Criminal Procedures Code modified in 2004 to include important elements of an accusatory system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

 
Suffrage

Universal and compulsory; over 18 or married. Members of the armed forces and national police cannot vote.

 
Executive Branch

Chief of State: President Leonel Fernandez Reyna (since 16 August 2004); Vice President Rafael Alburquerque de Castro (since 16 August 2004); (note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government).

 
Cabinet

The Cabinet of the Dominican Republic is chosen by the President of the Republic and can be removed by the president at any time. The cabinet ministers were known as Secretaries of State until 26 January 2010 with the proclamation of the new Constitution.

 
Current Cabinet

Danilo Medina won the election in the elections on 16 May 2012. Some members of the previous cabinet were reconfirmed in their same positions.

These are the current ministers of the cabinet:



Portfolio Office Incumbent in Office since
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Ministry of the Presidency
Minister of the Presidency Gustavo Montalvo 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Armed Forces
Minister of Armed Forces Lieutenant general, E.N William Munoz Deglado 16 August 2014
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Foreign Affairs Andres Navarro 15 September 2014
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Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development
Minister of Economy, Planning and Development Juan Temístocles Montás 16 August 2004
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Attorney General
Attorney General Francisco Domínguez Brito 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Interior and Police
Minister of Interior and Police José Ramón Fadul 28 February 2011
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Ministry of Finance
Minister of Finance Simón Lizardo 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Education
Minister of Education Carlos Amarante Baret 28 February 2011
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Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance
Minister of Public Health and Social Assistance Altagracia Guzman Marcelino 10 October 2014
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Ministry of Public Works and Communications
Minister of Public Works and Communications Gonzalo Castillo 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Bautista Rojas Gómez 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Industry and Commerce
Minister of Industry and Commerce José Del Castillo Saviñón 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Agriculture
Minister of Agriculture Angel Estevez 16 August 2014
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Ministry of Tourism
Minister of Tourism Francisco J. García 16 August 2008
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Ministry Administrative of the Presidency
Minister Administrative of the Presidency José Ramón Peralta 16 August 2012
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Ministry of High Education, Science and Technology
Minister of High Education, Science and Technology Ligia Amada Melo 16 August 2004
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Ministry of Labour
Minister of Labour Maritza Hernández 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Sports, Physical Education and Recreation
Minister of Sports, Physical Education and Recreation Jaime David Fernández Mirabal 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Public Administration
Minister of Public Administration Ramón Ventura Camejo 16 August 2007
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Ministry of Culture
Minister of Culture José Antonio Rodríguez 16 August 2012
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Ministry of Women
Minister of Women Alejandrina Germán 16 August 2008
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Ministry of Youth
Minister of Youth Jorge Minaya 16 August 2012
 
Elections

President and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held in May 2008)

 
Legislative Branch

Legislative Branch: Bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (32 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Camara de Diputados (150 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: Senate and House of Representatives

 
Judicial Branch

Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are appointed by the National Judicial Council comprised of the president, the leaders of both chambers of congress, the president of the Supreme Court, and an additional non-governing party congressional representative).